Diversification of gas supply sources and integration of gas infrastructure in the Three Seas Region

Diversification of gas supply sources and integration of gas infrastructure in the Three Seas Region with the implementation of the altic Pipe project and cross-border interconnections Republic of Poland-Slovak Republic and Republic of Poland-Ukraine

Year registered: 2018
Status:Substantial Progress
3SI countries proposing the project:


Participating 3SI countries:

Poland, Slovakia

Partner countries:

Denmark, Norway, Ukraine

* not part of the 3Seas Initiative
Main objectives:

Baltic Pipe

Baltic Pipe is a part of the Baltic Energy Market Interconnection Plan (BEMIP). Pipeline connects Poland with the Norwegian Continental Shelf through Denmark. The Baltic Pipe is one of the key sources of natural gas for Poland with perspective of serving also the Baltic Sea and Central Eastern Europe (CEE) region markets, constituting an alternative to gas supplies from the eastern direction. In this context, Baltic Pipe is one of the most important successes of the BEMIP initiative. After completion, the CEE including inter alia Poland, Slovakia, Ukraine and the Baltic region (Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Finland) gained the opportunity of receiving gas from the Norwegian Continental Shelf. Diversification of gas supplies to both regions alleviates the dependency on a single, external supplier. A secure supply of gas improves the framework conditions for developing a more sustainable energy system by switching from coal to gas.

FSRU project and LNG Terminal in Świnoujście Expansion Program

FSRU project in Gdańsk Bay and LNG Terminal in Świnoujście Expansion Program aim at meeting an increasing demand for natural gas in Poland and to guarantee additional import capacities on a regional level. Both investments are expected to provide an efficient and cost-effective way to enhance diversification and security of gas supplies and to foster competition on regional gas markets. Both projects may in the future also realize functionality for Baltic Sea transportation of LNG such as reloading and bunkering.

Republic of Poland –Slovak Republic Interconnection.

Republic of Poland – Slovak Republic Interconnection is a part of North-South Gas Interconnections Corridor in Central Eastern and South Eastern Europe ("North-South Gas Corridor"). It is a gas infrastructure allowing for regional connections between the areas of Baltic, Adriatic and Aegean Sea regions, the eastern part of the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, as well as within these regions, also increasing diversification and security of gas supply. The above mentioned initiatives are an alternative to the historically well-established direction of supply on the East-West axis and create opportunities for the emergence of regional markets covering at least several neighbouring countries. Republic of Poland – Slovak Republic Interconnection is important not only from the perspective of increasing security and diversification of supplies, but also to counteract the divergence of gas prices between the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and South-Eastern Europe as well as for strengthening the solidarity between the EU Member States.

Republic of Poland – Ukraine interconnection.

Realization of the project may increase the level of the diversification of gas supplies for Ukraine by wider access to the new sources of natural gas, including the LNG as well as the gas from Norway).It may increase the level of integration of regional gas markets through a transmission corridor, which may also enhance the gas solidarity among EU and Energy Community. The main objective of the Project is to establish a flexible transmission infrastructure, which will allow for connecting northern and western gas markets as well as the global LNG market with the Ukraine market. It should positively influence the competition and attractiveness of the region for market participants. In the long-term prospect, the Corridor should provide the construction of the unified market of gas in the region and enhance the energy security. Integration of the regional gas markets (securing access to the EU gas market) will lead to the formation of effective competition mechanisms that would improve the efficiency of business performance to the benefit of natural gas consumers and should ensure an adequate level of wholesale gas prices.

Short description:

The Baltic Pipe

Project consists of completed new and upgraded infrastructure. On the Polish side the main elements are: bi-directional offshore gas pipeline connecting PL and DK through the Baltic Sea (capacity of approx. 10 bcm/y; length of approx. 275 km); DN1000 onshore gas pipeline connecting the offshore gas pipeline with the national transmission system including the Receiving Terminal (length of approx.. 40 km); DN 1000 Goleniów – Lwówek pipeline (PL) of approx. 192 km; compressor station in Gustorzyn and extended compressor stations in Goleniów and Odolanów.

Republic of Poland-Slovak Republic Interconnection

Infrastructure consisting of following, completed pipelines in Poland: Strachocina - Łupkowska Pass (PL-SK border) pipeline (DN 1000, 58 km); Pogórska Wola - Tworzeń (DN 1000, 168km); Strachocina – Pogórska Wola (DN 1000, 98km); Tworóg – Tworzeń (DN 1000, 56 km); Gas node in Strachocina.

Infrastructure in Slovakia includes Łupkowska Pass (PL-SK border) - Velké Kapušany pipeline (DN 1000, 103 km) and modifications of the existing compressor station located at Velké Kapušany.

Republic of Poland-Ukraine Interconnection

The scope of the Project in Republic of Poland includes the construction of: Hermanowice node pipeline to the border crossing point including the additional gas infrastructure; Hermanowice – Strachocina pipeline (DN700, 72 km - already completed); Compressor station in Strachocina, Wronów – Rozwadów pipeline (DN 1000), Rozwadów – Strachocina pipeline (DN 1000). The scope of the Project in Ukraine includes the construction of Gas pipeline DN1000 from border crossing point (GMS Drozdovychy) to the Western part of Ukraine's GTS in the area of UGSF “Bilche-Volytsya” and construction of additional gas infrastructure. The implementation of the project may start after receiving commitment by network users to book the respective capacities and if the results of the economic tests are positive.

LNG Terminal in Świnoujście Expansion Program:

Additional regasification installation – increasing the nominal regasification capacity of the terminal to 8.3 billion Nm3/year.

Third LNG storage tank – increasing the operational flexibility of the LNG terminal installation and ensuring the optimum natural gas process storage capacity.

The second jetty - for loading and unloading of LNG carriers, LNG transshipment and handling LNG bunker vessels and providing bunkering services.

FSRU Gdańsk

Capacity 6.1 billion Nm3/year with the planned commissioning date in 2028. Project encompasses FSRU unit, breakwater and several transmission evacuation pipelines: Gdańsk – Kolnik, Kolnik- Gardeja, Gardeja-Gustorzyn.

Contact persons:

Mr. Radosław Sobczak, Ministry of Climate and Environment; radoslaw.sobczak@klimat.gov.pl,

Mr. Michał Homenda, Office of the Plenipotentiary of the Government for Strategic Energy Infrastructure; michal.homenda@mfipr.gov.pl.

Calendar of implementation:
  • 6.2020 - 10.2022

    Baltic pipe - completed

  • 10.2019 - 05.2022


  • 2022 - 12.2027/1.2028

    FSRU – 2022 - 12.2027/1.2028 – Design and Permitting phase – Open Season procedure (FSRU unit, capacity 6,1 bcm/y) completed. The planned date of starting commercial operation is 1st January 2028. For the onshore part (250 km pipelines) investor obtained all necessary permits.

  • 07.2020 - 04.2024

    LNG Terminal in Świnoujscie Expansion Program - 07.2020 - 04.2024- ongoing

    – First stage of LNG Terminal Expansion Program - upgrading regasification capacity is completed. Current send-out capacity is 6,2 bcm/year.

    – Second stage of LNG Terminal Expansion Program – third storage tank and jetty increasing send-out capacity up to 8,3 bcm/year.

  • 2023-2031

    POLAND-UKRAINE GAS INTERCONNECTION – Planning 07.2023 – 2030/2031

    Planned capacity of 3 bcm/y towards Ukraine

    4Q/2022 - Design contracts signed

    3Q/2025 - Building permits obtained

    1Q/2030 - Commissioning of the project


EUR 1,562,556,000

Financing sources:
National funding
Other EU funding

Baltic Pipe:

Total: 716 400 000 €

% of total has secured financing - 100%

CEF - 214 920 000 €

National Funding - 501 500 000 €

Republic of Poland-Slovak Republic Gas Interconnection:

Total: 134 156 000 €

% of total has secured financing - 100%

CEF - 54 089 900 €

National Funding - 80 066 100 €

EIB has granted a common credit line to GAZ-SYSTEM for projects: Poland-Slovakia Gas Interconnection and Gustorzyn-Wronów pipeline.

LNG Terminal in Świnoujście Expansion Program

Total: approx 425 000 000 €

% of total has secured financing - 100%

National Funding - the rest of the cost (own resources of the owner and a loan granted by the Polish TSO - mother company of the owner)

Other EU funding - maximum 128 000 000 €

FSRU in the Port of Gdańsk

An estimated total value of CAPEX for the FSRU on Polish Baltic Sea Coast is 988 mln EUR (data based on 2022 ENTSO-G The Ten-Year Network Development Plan TYNDP)

Republic of Poland-Ukraine Interconnection

An estimated total value of CAPEX for the PL-UA Project in Poland (interconnector and expansion of the Polish transmission system including compressor station) is 376 mln EUR for the pipeline section + EUR 8 million for the metering station allowing for 3 bcm/year capacity towards Ukraine.