Via Baltica

submitted by Estonia

Report:
Year registered: 2018
Type:
Transport
Status:Activity Reported
3SI countries proposing the project:

Estonia

Participating 3SI countries:

Latvia, Lithuania, Poland

Partner countries:

* not part of the 3Seas Initiative
Main objectives:

Modernisation of TEN-T road core network. Meeting road safety requirements and targets.

Reconstruction of the existing Via Baltica TEN-T core network road to 2+1 and 2+2 road in order to improve traffic safety by 50% and to meet environmental standards (noise barriers, animal fencing, ecoducts etc)

Due to the existing road infrastructure, the road traffic conditions and the driving habits on the Via Baltica do not guarantee a high traffic level, which is compulsory for transit road. In addition, due to all the factors listed above, the road has a low level of safety and this causes many traffic accidents with serious consequences. About 10% of the current Via Baltica road corresponds to the TEN-T core network safety and environmental standards. Pedestrian and bicycle roads and tunnels are largely missing on 1+1 sections what makes pedestrian and bicycle traffic unsafe. Safe and secure parkings, animal fences with ecoducts, noise barriers are missing.

Close to Pärnu sections, traffic volumes are about 13 000 vehicles, including 1700 heavy vehicles.

The highest accident rate in Estonia is on the Tallinn-Pärnu-Ikla road, therefore it urgently needs to upgrade transport infrastructure. Sufficient infrastructure investments will be needed, in the further EU financial perspective.

It is essential for the Republic of Estonia and for the modernization of the road transport network of other Baltic States’ to seek to fulfil EU’s transport policy on road safety and, in the future, to implement the Vision Zero concept.

Short description:

The Via Baltica route, which lays from the Republic of Poland to the Republic of Estonia, is one of the most important transit arteries in the Eastern Europe. There is no other transport corridor in the Republic of Lithuania, Republic of Latvia and Republic of Estonia for the transportation of goods in the North-South direction. On the road, the share of freight traffic is around 30%, thus requiring the highest-level quality of traffic conditions, to ensure a smooth flow of traffic.

However, due to the existing road infrastructure, traffic conditions and driving habits today, Via Baltica does not guarantee a high level of traffic quality for the transit route. There is a low level of road safety, which affects the emergence of traffic accidents with severe consequences.

Calendar of implementation:
  • 1980
    Completed

    Tallinn-Ääsmäe (km 13-27), 2+2 road.

  • 2012
    Completed

    2+2 Pärnu bypass section within the Pärnu city (km 124,68 -132,8).

  • 2017
    Completed
    • 2+1 road section between Nurme bridge and Jänesselja junction (km 120,2-122,1);
    • Ääsmäe-Kohatu section (km 28-37), 2+1 road.
  • 2019-2020
    Construction

    Kernu bypass (km 37-42) construction of 2+1 lane road.

  • 2019-2020
    Completed

    Tallinn border - Topi junction 2+2 section (km 13-16).

  • 2020-2022
    Planning

    Märjamaa section (km 62-77) Preparation of the preliminary design and environmental impact assessment.

  • 2020-2022
    Planning
    • Libatse-Nurme section (km 99-120,6) Preparation of the preliminary design and environmental impact assessment of 2+2 road;
    • Government decision of 18.06.20. Pilot PPP project.
  • 2021-2023
    Planning

    Kustja-Varbola section (km 42-62) Preparation of the preliminary design and environmental impact assessment.

  • 2021-2022
    Construction

    Sauga-Pärnu section (km 122,6-125,2) Construction of 2+2 lane road. Improving road safety, sustainability and environment.

  • 2021-2024
    Construction

    Pärnu-Uulu section (km 133,6-141,5) Construction of 2+2 lane road. Improving road safety, sustainability and environment.

  • 2024-2026
    Construction
    • Varbola-Päädeva section (km 50-62). Construction of 2+2 road, improvement road safety and environment;
    • Konuvere-Jädivere (km 77-89). Construction of 2+2 road, improvement of road safety and environment;
    • Libatse-Nurme (km 99-120,6). Construction of 2+2 road, improvement of road safety and environment.
  • 2026-2027
    Construction

    Libatse bypass (km 92-99). Construction of 2+2 road, improvement of road safety and environment.

  • 2027-2029
    Construction

    Päädeva-Konuvere section (km 62-77). Construction of 2+2 road, improvement road safety and environment.

  • 2029-2030
    Construction

    Kernu-Varbola section (km 42-50). Construction of 2+2 road, improvement road safety and environment.

  • 2030
    Construction

    Jädivere bypass (km 89-92). Construction of 2+2 road, improvement of road safety and environment.

  • 2031-2035
    Construction

    Uulu-Ikla (km 141,5-192). Construction of 2+1 road, improvement of road safety and environment.

Budget:

Estimated investment needs of Via Baltica is 605 mln € incl:

  1. Total cost of the construction of 2+2 roads on sections between Tallinn city border and Uulu junction is estimated at 455 mln € and construction period 2021-2030
  2. Total cost of the construction of 2+1 roads between Uulu junction and Ikla (border crossing) is estimated at 150 mln € and construction period 2031-2035.

Secured financing - 50 mln € (8% of total)

605M8%
secured
Financing sources:
National funding
Other sources

Design and construction of the road sections will be financed by national funding. Some project will be co-financed by Cohesion Fund (EU 2021-2027). Libatse-Nurme section selected as a pilot project for PPP.